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18 May important Current Affairs

World AIDS Vaccine Day- AIDS

May 18 is celebrated as World AIDS Vaccine Day- AIDS is a perpetual health issue that haunts the world. There has been no vaccine made yet to curb this disease. And so to spread awareness about this disease, May 18 is celebrated as the World AIDS Vaccine Day. HIV or AIDS spreads due to three major reasons. Sexual contact, mother-to-child, or by exchanging body fluids- It was first clinically reported in the United States back in 1981. To curb misinformation and hatred due to false rumours, and to stop the further spread of the disease, May 18 was celebrated as World Aids Vaccine Day by the U.S. Bill Clinton, according to reports.

The Hindu Important

US Senate passed an act directing the Secretary of the State to frame a strategy to make Taiwan an observer at the World Health Organization

2. Prime Minister announced “Vocal for Local”- The Vocal for Local aims to promote local produce

3. The KVIC (Khadi and Village Industries Commission) has come forward to become “Vocal for Local”

4. The concept of ultra-mega solar parks was framed by India under the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy in 2016

5. The Computer Emergency Response of Team (CERT) of India has issued warning against a new malware called “EventBot”.

6. The Scientists of IIT Dhanbad and CSIR (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research) have teamed up together to find a major cause of Parkinson’s disease a solution.

7. World Health Organization released the Global Nutrition Report, 2020

8. India is one among the 88 countries that are to miss global nutrition targets set for the year 2025

9. The PM CARES Funds was dedicated to COVID-19 situation- On the other hand, the Prime Minister National Relief Fund (PMNRF) was meant for all-natural disasters.

World Bank approved 1 billion USD aid to India to accelerate “India’s COVID-19 Special Protection Response Programme”. The fund will be used to provide social assistance to poor, severely impacted and vulnerable households. Of the 1 billion USD aid, around 550 million USD is to be credited by the IDA (International Development Association) and 220 million USD by the IBRD (International Bank of Reconstruction and Development). The final maturity amount of the loan is 18.5 years. It also includes a grace period of five years. With this financial aid, the total commitment of World Bank towards India has increased to 2 billion USD. In April 2020, the World Bank announced 1 billion USD support to aid the health sector of India.

The Ministry of External Affairs of India reminded China about India’s claims over Gilgit-Baltistan where China has teamed up with Pakistan to build the Diamer-Bhasha dam. Diamer-Bhasha Dam is a concreted-filled gravity dam, in the preliminary stages of construction, on the River Indus between Kohistan district in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Diamer district in Gilgit Baltistan. The dam site is situated near a place called “Bhasha”, hence the name. Its foundation stone was laid by the then Prime Minister of Pakistan on 1998.

Researchers have published a paper with evidence that cats can transmit the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 to one another, and without showing symptoms. The previous most famous case of coronavirus infection among cats, big or domestic, has been that of four-year-old Nadia, a Malayan tiger at New York’s Bronx Zoo. She tested positive in April 2020. Within weeks, a few more tigers and lions at the zoo tested positive. Among domestic cats, the first known infection happened in Belgium.

The Researcher from the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has developed light carbon foam that will replace lead batteries. The carbon foam is easy to fabricate, non-toxic and affordable. It is also useful to make heat sink, electromagnetic interference shielding in aerospace, electrode for lead-acid batteries, hydrogen storage and water purification systems.

Current Quiz

1. The Ministry of External Affairs of India reminded China about India’s claims over Gilgit-Baltistan where China has teamed up with Pakistan to build the Diamer-Bhasha dam.

2. Diamer-Bhasha Dam is a dam on the River Indus between

3. Its foundation stone was laid by the then Prime Minister of Pakistan on 1998.

4. The JNCASR (Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research) has developed injectable silk-fibroin based hydrogel to deliver sustained insulin to diabetic patients

5. The researcher from Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has developed light carbon foam that will replace lead batteries

6. HIV or AIDS spreads due to three major reasons- Sexual contact, mother-to-child, or by exchanging body fluids

7. International Museum Day is an international day held annually on or around 18 May- Theme “Museums for Equality: Diversity and Inclusion”

8. The Indus Waters Treaty is a water-distribution treaty between India and Pakistan, brokered by the World Bank, to use the water available in the Indus System

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